AWARDEE OF TECHNOLOGICAL SCIENCES PRIZE
Prof. Zhang Peilin, a specialist on physical metallurgy and nuclear materials, was born in Pinding, Shanxi Province in 1917. He studied in Tangshan Engineering College, Jiaotung University during 1936-1937, and graduated in 1940 from Northwest Engineering College. Then he had worked four years in Yunnan Iron & Steel Works as an assistant engineer.
He won a Sino-British Boxer Indemnity Fund Scholarship in 1944 and was a post-graduate student in metallurgy in Sheffield University during 1945-1949. His research work was on cold working of steel and he obtained his Ph.D degree in the spring of 1949. He was also awarded a Brunton Medal (and premium) for Metallurgical Research. Then, he had stayed at the University doing research on the behavior of hydrogen in iron and steel before he came back to China in the spring of 1951.
After his returning, he joined The Chinese Academy of Sciences and was appointed to a Research Fellow. He participated in founding of the Institute of Metal Research in Shenyang, and he had worked in the Institute doing research on physical metallurgy and on problems of direct interest to industry. In 1958 he was asked to change his field of research and in 1960 the Institute organized two laboratories devoted to nuclear materials, and he led one of them. In 1959 he was appointed to Deputy Director of the Institute.
In the spring of 1963, Prof. Zhang was transferred to the Second Ministry of Machinery as Research Fellow and Metallurgical Chief Engineer*, continuing work on nuclear materials, but on definite projects and with strict schedules. In the past 35 years, he has contributed a great deal for the progress of science and technology of nuclear materials and fuel elements in China. He had participated in the following tasks of research and development, and all of which were completed successfully under his technological directions:(1) uranium and plutonium metallurgy and the fabrication of weaponery parts (1960's), (2) metallic fuel elements for production reactors (1960's,1970's), (3) fuel assemblies for submarine nuclear power reactors (1960's-1970's), (4) tubular fuel assemblies for high flux engineering reactor (1970's), and (5) fuel assemblies for Chinshan 300MW PWR reactor (1980's).
He was elected to Member of The Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1980. He had served as President of the Chinese Nuclear Material Society of the CNS for the 1 st and 2nd sessions. In 1985, he was awarded a special grade prize of the National Defense Sci. & Tech. Achievement Prize, and a grade 2 National Prize of Discovery.
*Subsequently as: Chief engineer of the Bureau of Nuclear Fuels, MNI;
Member of the standing committee of Sci.& Tech.Commission,MNI;
Senior consultant of Sci.& Tech.Commission, CNNC.