AWARDEE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES AND MATERIA MEDICA PRIZE
Qiu Fazu, academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences, born in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province in December 1914, graduated from medical faculty, University of Munich, Germany in 1939 and awarded the degree of Medical Doctor. Now he is honorary president and surgical professor of Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, honorary chief member of surgical branch of Chinese Medical Association, Chairman of Wuhan branch of Chinese Medical Association and the member of International Surgical Association.
Prof. Qiu has been engaged in the surgical education, treatment and scientific research for over 65 years. He is one of the main pathbreakers promoting the development of abdominal and general surgery and the main founder of organ transplantation surgery in China. In the 1950s, he studied deeply the surgical treatment of portal hypertension induced by advanced schistosomiasis and posthepatitic cirrhosis and developed “pericardial devascularization”, which can effectively control massive hemorrhage of ruptured esophageal and fundus varices, awarding the prize of National Scientific Congress in 1978; In the 1970s, he began the earliest research program on liver transplantation from experimental study to clinical treatment and founded the first institute of organ transplantation in China. In recent 10 years, he makes great efforts to study the relationship between gallstone formation and bile flow dynamics; Under his leadership, the extracorporal formation of ox gallstone from ox bile was solved and he awarded the second-class prize of National Technological Invention in 2003. The extracorporally cultured ox gallstone was authorized by Ministry of Public Health as a class A new drug in China.
Prof. Qiu was the chief editor of 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th editions of Surgery, a nationwide standard textbook for Chinese medical students; the 4th, 5th and 6th editions of Huang Jiasi Surgery; as well as Basic Surgery and General Surgery, two volumes of the Chinese Medical Encyclopedia respectively. He published about 240 academic articles. In 1948, he was the chief editor of the first popular science journal “Popular Medicine” founded by himself in China from 1948 to 1958.
Prof. Qiu obtained honorary doctor (Dr.h.c.) from Heildelberg University, Germany in 1982 and Great Distinguished Service Cross Medal by German government in 1985. He is the honorary member of Asia Vascular Surgery Association; honorary professor of Tongji University, Shanghai; honorary professor of Jinan University; surgery visiting professor of Hongkong Chinese University, as well as honorary academician of Hongkong Surgical Medical College. He awarded the Prize of Chinese Medical Sciences issued by Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences in 2000 and Lifetime Prize of Medical Ethics in 2001 by Chinese Medical Foundation. Prof. Qiu is the member of the 3rd Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and the member of 4th, 5th ,6th and 7th National People Congress.