AWARDEE OF CHEMISTRY PRIZE
Professor Lu Xiyan,an organic chemist, was born in Suzhou,Jiangsu Province in August, 1928. He was graduated from Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University in 1951 and joined the Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences. He is now the Research Professor of the same Institute and the adjunct professor of Beijing University and Zhejiang University. He has been the editor in chief of Chinese Journal of Chemistry, and now is the consulting editor of Tetrahedron and Tetrahedron Letters.
In the early stage, he worked in the field of carbohydrate chemistry. Then, he did research in organophosphorus chemistry and organotin chemistry. His interest turned to organometallic chemistry directed towards organic synthesis since eighties. He in one of the scientists who studied modern organometallic chemistry in the early stage in China. His main interest is to develop new organic reactions based on the elementary reactions of organometallic compounds. He discovered may reactions with both academic significance and prospect of applications,for example, oxygen transfer reaction, hydrogen transfer reactions, reaction between low valent transition metals and allylic carbon-oxygen-heteroatom bonds, chemistry of compounds containing allylic-phosphorus bond, the palladium catalyzed annulation reaction of bifunctional allylating agents, etc.
In the nineties, he began to study the chemistry of electron-deficient alkynes. He discovered the highly stereoselective hydrohalogenation of alkyne to obtain the (Z) allenes the phosphine catalyaed ［3+2］ cycloddition of electron-deficient alkynes or allenes with electron-deficint alkenes and imnes, and using the enyne ester as a model he developed three quenching methods of the carbon-palladium bond to regenerate the divalent palladium species. He found the role of halide ions in these palladium (Ⅱ) catalyzed carbon-carbon coupling reactions which again enriches the elementary reactions of organometallic compounds.
He and his colleagues and students have already published about 140 papers. He has received several times the National and Academy Awards for Sciences.
He was elected as the member of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1991.